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One of the roles of the United Nations in peace processes is to hold post-conflict elections, but they are generally thought to have no or no negative impact on peace after civil war. [7] [9] The second type of organizational/institutional component is aimed at resolving the following/future conflicts on substantive issues such as the abuse of state power over human rights and the promotion of transparency and accountability in governance. These mechanisms, often referred to as “peace-building mechanisms” at the United Nations, help promote the culture of peaceful conflict resolution in a society and public confidence in the state`s ability to systematically and impartially resolve future problems. 9The repetition of armed conflicts underscores the importance of the relationship between the peace agreement and peace-building. Post-conflict peace-building is a comprehensive strategy to help areas of armed conflict move from war to peace. It is defined as “an action to identify and support structures that tend to strengthen and consolidate peace to avoid a return to conflict” [12]. Ultimately, peace-building is the construction of a state in which the main functions of the state – security, welfare and representation – are created by foreign aid and national property [13]. A ceasefire agreement is for the temporary end of war or armed conflict within an agreed time frame or in a delimited area. Each contracting party agrees with the other agreement to suspend aggressive measures without necessarily making concessions.

These agreements are military in nature and are essentially aimed at preventing the belligerents from pursuing military actions while political negotiations are under way to find a more lasting solution. 36 Although natural resources play a key role in the armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), peace agreements have little regard for the management of natural resources: the Lusaka Agreement of 10 The agreements reached between the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda on 30 July 2002 and Uganda on 6 September 2002, and the comprehensive and inclusive transition agreement in the Democratic Republic of Congo of 17 December 2002 focus on military and political issues, with economic issues only to be addressed in a vague way. Interim or preliminary negotiations are being taken as a first step towards the conduct of future negotiations. They are generally seen as “agreed agreements” or as obligations to reach a negotiated solution and build trust between the parties. As a general rule, these agreements do not deal with procedural or structural issues, but may have certain characteristics of a pre-negotiation agreement that specifies when and how negotiations might take place. Interim agreements indicate that the ceasefire is being respected. Interim agreements are also being used to revive a stalled peace process. Like ceasefire agreements, interim or preliminary agreements are not stable and must be followed quickly by negotiations on procedural and substantive issues in order to maintain the new positive dynamic of a peace process. 58 This article examined the potential to include economic provisions in peace agreements to promote sustainable peace-building.

He stressed the importance of including economic provisions in peace agreements and creating a framework for post-conflict economic governance. Economic arrangements are also a strategy to integrate potential spoilers into a peace process, making them sensitive to the opportunities offered by the economy after conflict.