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The NDP criticized Mr. Trudeau for not going to the Paris signing with “no plan,” while Canada`s parliamentary budget official said the status quo was not enough. The fight against climate change requires the efforts of the international community as a whole. After years of debate over ensuring the political commitments of all countries to reduce their emissions, the Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 as part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement aims to prevent the global average temperature from rising to dangerous levels that would cause irreversible damage to the environment. This is the first multilateral agreement on climate change that contains commitments from all countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau signed the Paris Agreement on climate change this morning at a ceremony at the United Nations in New York and gave his word that Canada will use renewable energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 197 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Paris and agreed on 12 December 2015. [2] [3] The agreement was signed at UN Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 by states and regional economic integration organisations parties to the UNFCCC (convention). [4] The agreement stated that it would only enter into force if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)[5] ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.

[6] On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement. [9] 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing. [10] [11] On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. The last challenge to the Trans Mountain pipeline was rejected by the country`s Supreme Court in July. The government said it would use some of the pipeline`s revenues to cover the cost of its commitment to plant two billion trees over the next 10 years. Nature-based solutions can contribute to the fight against climate change if they are parified by initiatives to decarbonize the economy and not to expand the development of fossil fuels.