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Early in 1803, Jefferson sent his young friend James Monroe of Virginia to Paris to help Livingston. Fortunately for the United States, Napoleon`s situation in Europe had changed for the worse at the time. War between France and Britain was imminent, and Napoleon could no longer retain the military resources necessary to ensure control of the Louisiana Territory. When Napoleon realized that the powerful British Navy would probably take the territory by force, he thought it would be better to sell Louisiana to the Americans than to let it fall into the hands of his enemy. Monroe and Livingston took over what Jefferson later called a “short-lived event,” immediately began negotiations, and struck a deal on April 30 that overstepped their authority — the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, including New Orleans, for $15 million. The acquisition of approximately 827,000 square miles would double the size of the United States. The Louisiana Purchase (French: Sale of Louisiana) was the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory by the United States of France in 1803. . .